Electric vehicles (EVs) are less expensive to operate and own than the now outmoded combustion engine cars. Electricity is cheaper per mile than gasoline, and electric motors are way more efficient at moving you down the road than combustion engines (a motor wastes very little fuel energy as heat, an engine wastes a lot).

EVs are capable of being much safer than combustion cars... there's no engine under the hood that can be pushed into the passenger compartment in a crash, plus there's all the safety and anti-collision technology that takes advantage of an EV's design.

EVs have far fewer moving parts than gasoline-powered cars, so, less to break and much less maintenance; change only tires and wiper blades, no oil changes, belts, hoses, fuel and oil filters, spark plugs, fuel injectors, timing chain, oxygen sensors, muffler, radiator and transmission fluids, etc. Even brake pads and rotors last a lot longer because electricity generated by the motor helps to slow down the car when you want to slow down.

EVs take 12 seconds to charge: 6 seconds to plug it in when you get home, and 6 seconds to unplug it the following morning... less time than a gas station visit. And if you can't charge at home, there are more and more public charging stations popping up every day.

Just as cell phones now have "Turbo Charge", the modern lithium-ion batteries in EVs can be charged very fast at charging stations equipped with fast chargers, and there are plenty of them. And there are EVs designed from the ground up allowing for large battery packs, so no "range anxiety" on long trips (especially if your EV automaker provides a worldwide charging infrastructure).

EV technology is now commercially viable, thanks in large part to the kick in the automotive industry's pants by Elon Musk and Tesla Motors. Affordable mass market EVs require economies of scale, and this requires adoption. So when there's a choice between a gas powered car and an EV, and the prices are close, we as tenants of this planet have an obligation to give serious consideration to the environmentally friendlier, non-harmful option. And we get a vehicle that can last a lot longer than a gasoline fueled car.

Oil is not an unlimited resource, so we must transition to sustainable transportation eventually. And because of the changes happening to our climate and the ones that will happen in the near future, it's not a case of "the sooner the better," it's more like "we need to do this now to avoid irreversible catastrophic consequences down the road." I'm not trying to use scare tactics, I'm just dealing with reality. And speaking of reality...

But aren't the emissions still mostly just moved from the road to the coal-fired power plant when switching from a gasoline car to an EV?

A: Let's say you charge your EV at home, and your home gets its power, not from a nuclear or hydroelectric power plant, but from a coal-fired plant. You aren't simply moving the creation of greenhouse gases from the car to the power plant in a 1:1 manner. Here's why...

1. Because of economies of scale, one gigantic power plant serving 1000 electric vehicles can be more efficient than 1000 separate power plants (one in each gasoline powered car). Think about what it would look like if you collected all the tailpipe emissions in a huge bag from a gas fueled car driven 100 miles. Now imagine the additional smoke stack emissions from a power plant that's charging an EV's battery to replace the energy it just used for a similar 100 mile drive. The difference is like night and day, for reasons #1 and #2.

2. An average gas powered car can get 24 MPG, but an EV can get three to four times that in MPGe. So, much less fuel energy required for those 1000 electric cars than for 1000 gas powered cars driven the same distances, resulting in much less emissions (greenhouse gases and air pollutants). If you use 10 gallons of gas to go somewhere, 8 of those gallons went to waste heat. For an EV, to use the gallons analogy, 1 out of the 10 gallons went to waste heat. Big difference.

3. The emissions from a power plant can be "scrubbed" to reduce air pollutants and CO2, but this is not feasible for fossil fuel cars.

4. Petroleum refining plants require lots of electricity to turn crude oil into gasoline. Since this energy production is unnecessary with an EV infrastructure, this needs to figure into a "well-to-wheels" analysis when considering emissions.

5. And remember, coal-fired plants can have fields of solar panels added to them to reduce the amount of coal they burn (already being done). And in the future they can be replaced by renewable energy power plants. So your electric car runs cleaner as infrastructure improvements are made!

And if solar panels and an energy storage system are added to a home or business (already being done), an EV can be recharged from the sun, or from other zero emission sources, resulting in a "Zero Zero Emissions Vehicle". And how about that, Tesla has pioneered these too!


"The data show that cars with internal combustion engines were not clean in the past, are not clean today, and will not be clean in the foreseeable future. The auto industry will always find new ways to circumvent tests and optimize results. The only way to ensure cars are truly clean is to accelerate the shift to zero-emission technology and electromobility."

Florent Grelier, Clean Vehicle Engineer, Transport & Environment


Do you see the trend. This is the beginning of the "S curve". As costs of making EVs come down (which results in the retail price coming down), and governments institute EV financial incentives, and as public's awareness of the lower Total Cost of Ownership of EVs increases, the curve will become more vertical (faster adoption rate). And if you look carefully, you'll see two 10x increases, both about 5 years apart. One more 10x increase, maybe over another 5 years, and that would bring it to 100% adoption. And keep in mind that the biggest contributing factor to the above chart has been Tesla (not GM, Ford, Toyota, etc).


Seven Myths About EVs

1. Since some EVs charge using electricity from coal-fired power plants, they just move the same amount of pollution and CO2 emissions from the tailpipe to the smoke stack

False, as mentioned above in the Q&A.

2. EV batteries will need replacing after 3-5 years

False. If you buy a new EV today, odds are the battery pack will last as long as you own the vehicle. Yes, as the pack ages, it will lose some capacity, which translates into some lost range, but only a small amount. And the "healthier" you charge the pack, the less capacity it will lose over time, and Tesla EVs do this for you automatically. Do the other EV makers? No.

3. If everyone had EVs, we'd overload the energy grid

False. As EVs increase, the energy needed to refine crude oil into gasoline decreases, and our energy grid's capacity increases thanks to the addition of solar arrays. Plus, when charged at home overnight, EVs use the underutilized capacity of energy generation plants (called "off-peak charging"). Tesla EVs can be set to start charging, not when you plug them in, but when your off-peak rates start (typically around 9pm). A report just out shows that power plant profits vs costs for EV charging is very high on the profits side because EVs tend to use the underutilized capacity of the grid because they charge at night (when rates are cheaper). So, some nice revenue for the power utilities that wasn't there before, and without them having to increase their generating capacity... but they are increasing their capacity because some EVs will charge during the daytime. (Utility companies have been planning for the increase in EV adoption for many years.)

4. There's no demand for EVs

False. Yes, when people believe untrue things about EVs, they are understandably wary of them, but when they discover the truth about EVs, and about how EVs are less expensive to operate and maintain, and then they drive one, they are won over easily. Happens every day. That's why there are five million Teslas on the roads today (Tesla doesn't do any advertising), and why so many more will be as battery costs come down, reducing the retail price of the car (already happening). So, demand for well-made EVs will be increasing (there are crappy EVs being made, like from GM and VW).

5. EV's are less reliable than gasoline-powered cars

False. And ridiculous on its face. EVs have no engines, no transmissions, no exhaust systems, no high pressure cooling systems, no belts to break, no fuel filters to clog, no spark plugs to foul, etc, etc. Let's look at golf carts as a perfect example: There are gasoline-powered golf carts and electric golf carts. They look the same on the outside, and they've both been around for a long time, and it's common knowledge in the golf cart industry that the electric carts are far more reliable than the gasoline-powered carts.

6. EVs weigh 30-50% more than gas-powered cars

False. The thought is that this additional weight would cause more damage to bridges and roadways and who's going to pay for that! But this is not true: FACT: Tesla Model 3 EV curb weight = 4,065 pounds. BMW 3 Series gas car curb weight = 4,138 pounds. And according to JD Power, the average weight of a gas-powered car in 2022 was 4,094 pounds. Remember, two of the heaviest components of an internal combustion engine vehicle are the engine and transmission. An EV doesn't have these, and its electric motor can be lifted by any reasonably in-shape adult. Yes, an EV has a heavy battery pack, but that weight is countered by the loss of the weight of the engine and transmission (and as battery pack chemistries improve, their weight can improve too).

7. EVs catch on fire too much

False. It only appears that way. Who's responsible for this overblown depiction of EV fires? Those who are charged with spreading FUD about EVs (Fear Uncertainty Doubt), and they do this on behalf of those who stand to lose a lot of money as EV adoption grows. But yes, some EVs catch fire, but this is due to an accident where there is damage to the battery pack, and when this happens there is usually a fire, but no explosion as there can be with gasoline cars, so people easily survive slow-to-start EV fires. And EV fires also happen because the EV manufacturer bought batteries from the lowest bidder instead of buying well engineered batteries, so there have been spontaneous combustion fires that have burned down people's homes. But only a few. And you can bet that this EV manufacturer (and others) learned their lesson. So, let's put things in perspective... there are way more gasoline car fires than EV fires as a percentage of total sales (which is the correct way to look at this issue, not how many fires are given media attention).


Lies and Negative Comments About EVs

1. "When there is a power outage, EVs can't recharge."

Yes, but gasoline pumps require electricity to pump, so you can't "fill up" during a power outage. And if your EV is charged, it can recharge your phones, and run some things in your home if the car has a 120 volt outlet. And if you have a generator at home, you can refuel your EV at home. Can't do that with a gasoline car. And gas stations often run out of gas during natural disasters. Just say'n. (Note: During gasoline shortages in Georgia USA and the UK, Teslas were driving around just fine.)

2. "EVs are demand limited, i.e., there is no demand for them other than the early adopters who love new gadgets."

False. EVs are production limited. As fast as they are made, they are bought... at least the better designed ones. When people discover that a Tesla is way better than a Chevy Bolt, Bolt sales go down, but not because there is no demand for EVs. Tesla has more orders than they can fill. And as more people discover the truth about EVs, demand will rise even further (and so will production capacity). Due to the economies-of-scale, as the costs of making them come down, the prices can come down, enabling increased sales.

3. "EVs are only for the affluent."

False. When you factor into the sticker price of an EV the Total Cost of Ownership (operation and maintenance), an EV is a better deal than a gasoline car over the life of the vehicle. And we're getting close to price parity between gasoline cars and EVs (selling price). At that point it will be a no brainer to buy an EV over a gasoline car (and as of mid 2023, we've arrived). But true, when Tesla sold its first EVs, they were $160,000. But they had to do that to raise the capital needed to make their Phase 2 cars that sold for $90,000, and they did that so they could ramp up to make their Phase 3 $45,000 cars, and next up is their Phase 4 $25,000 car coming end of 2024. This is the only business model that works. And other EV makers are following it. And consider that the average price for new car in the U.S. is $48,000, and Tesla already has a model that is below that.

4. "There's no charging infrastructure for EVs" / "EVs can't do roadtrips."

False. There are plenty of public charging stations, and Tesla has its own charging stations. And more are being built all time to keep up with their increasing EV sales. And unlike a gasoline car, EVs can fill up at home and at many work-places. In fact, about 95% of charging is done at home. And Tesla owners have no issues doing long road trips. Other EVs can have issues because of the poor quality of the third-party charging companies, but Tesla is letting other EVs charge at their chargers.

5. "EVs are just glorified golf carts."

Seriously?! Have you driven in one?!! Anyone who has would never say this. In fact, EVs have better technology and are more reliable than gasoline cars... and safer too.

6. "Since EVs are silent, there will be more pedestrians hit by EVs."

First, this possibility is not a reason to not have EVs on the roads. I was taught as a child to look both ways before crossing a street. Do we as a society try to make society as safe as possible? Sure! And replacing all gas powered cars with EVs will make us safer (no street level pollution which causes lots of premature deaths, and less negative climate change impacts), even though there will be more pedestrian deaths due to people not looking both ways before crossing a street. And surely governements can air Public Service Announcements alerting the public to the existance of these silent cars, or they can enact regulations that all EVs make some kind of noise at low speeds (already done). And consider that most gasoline cars today are very quiet at low speeds. So this ridiculous fossil fuel industry talking-point is not appreciated by rational-thinking people.

7. "EV manufacturing is less green than the manufacturing of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles."

False. When you take a cradle-to-grave look at the two, you will find that EVs, on balance, are greener. And as their source of energy gets greener (their recharging electricity), the EV gets even greener (because of power utilities adding renewable energy sources to their mix). And although some EV makers have a manufacturing process that is less green than ICE vehicle makers, some EV makers have a greener manufacturing process, like Tesla. Note that there is an "environmental payback" with EVs. Now, after 1,000 miles driven, the car is less damaging to the environment than gasoline cars for the remainder of their miles driven (which can be about 500,000 miles if it's a Tesla). And as manufacturing processes improve (as far as their impact on the environment), soon that 1,000 miles will come down.

8. "All EV batteries require mining for the rare earth elements they use, and this mining exploits young children and harms the environment."

False. Cobalt is the material in question, and Tesla's newest battery technology doesn't even use cobalt. And if theirs doesn't, no other EV maker need use it in all their batteries. And unlike gasoline, EV batteries can be recycled back into new batteries. There are already companies doing this. Elon Musk CEO of Tesla estimates that in the future, there will be very little mining of anything needed because of the robust recycling industry. And circulating the "young children" meme was courtesy of the fossil fuel industry. Seems they have a lot to lose as more EVs are sold versus fossil fuel cars, so they'll say anything to slow that growth. I'm not saying that such deplorable and exploitative mining practices don't exist; they do, and it's beyond shameful. But those who bring this up don't also mention that there is also responsibly mined cobalt, and Tesla makes sure to source any cobalt they do use from such places. The company pays more for such cobalt, but obviously it's the right thing to do, and that's what Tesla does. Do car companies that are laser-focused on profit do this? I have to wonder. At the annual shareholder meeting, Musk pledged to put cameras at the mines that supply Tesla with any cobalt, with the feed viewable online. And as far as mining being bad for the environment; compared to how bad fossil fueled vehicles are for the environment, and how bad crude oil refining (into gasoline) is for the environment, it's no contest. It's a night and day difference. The fact is, transitioning to clean energy will mean we no longer have to mine and extract vast quantities of fossil fuels each year, and a clean energy transition will help us and future humans avoid the worst effects of climate change; it will save millions of lives currently lost to air pollution each year; and it will reduce the total amount of environmentally and socially harmful mining each year. So the above statement is simply another attempt to slow the demand for EVs so as to slow the profit loss of some some very powerful industries. And quite frankly, if someone is not going to buy an EV because there might be irresponsibly mined cobalt in the battery, then they would have to give up their cellphone and laptop or tablet. How about making the "source of cobalt" an EV buying decision, and in that case, Tesla wins.


Those automotive industry analysts who go on mainstream financial business shows and knowingly say lies about EVs and Tesla and give disinformation about them should be charged with crimes against the people, and put in prison for at least five years. Why? Tesla is trying to help the world's population by dramatically lowering CO2 emissions and air pollutants, and these so-called analysts are trying to harm Tesla on behalf of short-sellers, Big Auto, the American Automobile Dealers Association, and Big Oil. And if they're successful, this harms the environment, and therefore the people. I'd say that they should be ashamed of themselves, but they don't have the capacity to be ashamed of themselves, nor the capacity to care about anyone other than themselves... it's all about money and personal gain... as it is with those above-named entities. You can strike a blow for the people and give a middle finger to those above-named folks by getting an EV.


But cars that drive themselves
will end up killing some people!

Elon Musk, the CEO of Tesla (an EV manufacturer) was asked about any fatalities that would be caused by a Tesla self-driving car. He said, "Even if all the Teslas in autonomous driving mode cut auto accident fatalities by 90%, the 10% that were the result of the computer making a mistake, you're still going to be sued. Those 90% that are alive because of the computer doing the driving don't even know they're alive because of it. So even though we'll be sued, it's more important to save those lives ... the reality of doing the right thing matters more than the perception of doing the right thing."

So Musk created autonomous driving software to save lives, not to make profit, as the other developers of autonomous driving systems are doing. Motivations matter. And this I think is the main reason to give money to Tesla versus other EV makers when considering what EV to buy. But this reason never gets discussed when comparing EVs from different manufacturers; range, battery life, features, and options get talked about, but not the motivations of the company that you're going to give a large amount of money to.

A new car is the second largest purchase most people will ever make. Me? I'd care who I give that kind of money to. Tesla's mission statement: "Accelerate the adoption of sustainable energy technology." All the legacy automakers' mission statements: Maximize profits.


The media lies about EVs

This is from a recent article in Car & Driver. And at this time, most EVs have a minimum of 240 miles of range, some reaching 400. The Tesla with the lowest range goes 272 miles.

Why do they lie? Money. Their major advertisers are the legacy auto manufacturers, so Car & Driver (and other such publications) wants to keep them happy, and the legacy auto makers hate EVs and hate Tesla (for forcing them to start making EVs). Legacy automakers want to sell what they've been selling... fossil fuel cars. So they want to keep EV sales as low as possible, so they do their best to talk down EVs, and the media is happy to help.

So don't believe what you read in mainstream media outlets about EVs, because they can't be trusted to do truthful reporting.


Here's an example of a legacy automaker (VW) skimping on the quality of a part to increase the profit margin of an EV while at the same time screwing the customer by pretending to fix the problem, creating an unsafe situation. This is one of the differences between Tesla and all other legacy automakers. Tesla is "people-over-profits" and legacy automakers are "profits-over-people".


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The worldwide charging infrastructure mentioned above

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